Xi Jinping, male, Han nationality, is a native of Fuping County, Shaanxi Province. He was born in 1953, entered the workforce in 1969, joined the CYLC in 1971, and joined the CPC in 1974.
TABLE OF CONTENT
- EARLY LIFE
- PERSONAL LIFE
XI JINPING BIOGRAPHY
Xi Jinping is a Chinese politician who has been serving as General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) since 2012 and President of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) since 2013. Xi has been the paramount leader of China, the most prominent political leader in the People’s Republic of China, since 2012.
XI JINPING PROFILE
|Full Name:||Xi Jinping|
|Born:||15 June 1953|
|Place of Birth:||Beijing, China|
|Wife/Ex:||Ke Lingling and Peng Liyuan|
|Net Worth:||$1.2 billion|
XI JINPING EARLY LIFE
Xi Jinping was the son of Xi Zhongxun, who once served as deputy prime minister of China and was an early comrade-in-arms of Mao Zedong. The elder Xi, however, was often out of favour with his party and government, especially before and during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76) and after he openly criticized the government’s actions during the 1989 Tiananmen Square incident. The younger Xi’s early childhood was largely spent in the relative luxury of the residential compound of China’s ruling elite in Beijing. During the Cultural Revolution, however, with his father purged and out of favour, Xi Jinping was sent to the countryside in 1969 (he went to largely rural Shaanxi province), where he worked for six years as a manual labourer in an agricultural commune. During that period he developed an especially good relationship with the local peasantry, which would aid the wellborn Xi’s credibility in his eventual rise through the ranks of the CCP.
XI JINPING EDUCATION
he began to study chemical engineering at Beijing’s Tsinghua University, earning a degree in 1979. Xi was admitted to the exclusive August 1st School, named for the date of a famous Communist victory. The school, which occupied the former palace of a Qing Dynasty prince, was nicknamed the lingxiu yaolan—the “cradle of leaders.” The students formed a small, close-knit élite; they lived in the same compounds, summered at the same retreats, and shared a sense of noblesse oblige. For centuries before the People’s Republic, an evolving list of élite clans combined wealth and politics. Some sons handled business; others pursued high office. Winners changed over time, and, when Communist leaders prevailed, in 1949, they acquired the mantle.
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XI JINPING CAREER
Born in 1953 to a Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leader, Xi Jinping worked his way up the party ranks to become a major player in the Chinese Politburo. By 2013, Xi was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party, Chair of the Military Commission, and President of the People’s Republic of China. Although he earned criticism for human rights violations and disruptive economic regulations, Xi also continued the country’s rise as a global superpower. His name and philosophy were added to the party constitution in 2017, and the following year he successfully pushed for the abolition of presidential term limits.
In 1999 Xi became acting governor of Fujian, and he became governor the following year. Among his concerns as Fujian’s head were environmental conservation and cooperation with nearby Taiwan. He held both the deputy secretarial and governing posts until 2002, when he was elevated yet again: that year marked his move to Zhejiang province, where he served as acting governor and, from 2003, party secretary. While there he focused on restructuring the province’s industrial infrastructure in order to promote sustainable development. Xi’s fortunes got another boost in early 2007 when a scandal surrounding the upper leadership of Shanghai led to his taking over as the city’s party secretary. His predecessor in the position was among those who had been tainted by a wide-ranging pension fund scheme. In contrast to his reformist father, Xi had a reputation for prudence and for following the party line, and as Shanghai’s secretary, his focus was squarely on promoting stability and rehabilitation of the city’s financial image. He held the position for only a brief period, however, as he was selected in October 2007 as one of the nine members of the standing committee of the CCP’s Political Bureau (Politburo), the highest ruling body in the party. Xi’s power and influence were bolstered in 2021 when the CCP passed a historical resolution in November that reviewed the party’s “major achievements and historical experience” of the past 100 years and looked to future plans as well.
It featured praise for Xi’s leadership; more than half of the document was devoted to the accomplishments under Xi in the nine years he had led the party, such as reducing poverty and curbing corruption. It was only the third such resolution in the party’s history—the previous two were passed under Mao and Deng—and it elevated Xi’s status, ensuring that he would be seen as a significant figure in the party’s history.
XI JINPING PERSONAL LIFE
Peng described Xi as hardworking and down-to-earth: “When he comes home, I’ve never felt as if there’s some leader in the house. In my eyes, he’s just my husband.” Xi was described in a 2011 Washington Post article by those who know him as “pragmatic, serious, cautious, hard-working, down to earth and low-key”. He was described as a good hand at problem-solving and “seemingly uninterested in the trappings of high office”. Xi Jinping is widely popular in China.
According to a 2014 poll co-sponsored by the Harvard Kennedy School’s Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Xi ranked 9 out of 10 in domestic approval ratings. A YouGov poll released in July 2019 found that about 22% of people in mainland China list Xi as the person they admire the most, a plurality, although this figure was less than 5% for residents of Hong Kong. In the spring of 2019, the Pew Research Center made a survey on confidence in Xi Jinping among six-country medians based in Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan, the Philippines, and South Korea. The survey indicated that a median of 29% has confidence in Xi Jinping to do the right thing regarding world affairs, meanwhile, a median of 45% has no confidence. These numbers are slightly higher than those of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un (23% confidence, 53% no confidence). A poll by Politico and Morning Consult in 2021 found that 5% of Americans have a favorable opinion of Xi, 38% are unfavorable, 17% have no opinion, and 40%, have a plurality. never hearing of him.
In 2017, The Economist named him the most powerful person in the world. In 2018, Forbes ranked him as the most powerful and influential person in the world, replacing Russian President Vladimir Putin, who had been ranked so for five consecutive years. In 2016 and 2021, Reporters Without Borders, an international non-profit and non-governmental organization with the stated aim of safeguarding the right to freedom of information, included Xi among the list of press freedom predators.
Unlike previous Chinese leaders, Chinese state media has given a more encompassing view of Xi’s private life, although still strictly controlled. According to Xinhua News agency, Xi would swim one kilometer and walk every day for as long as there was time, and is interested in foreign writers, especially Russians. He is known to love films and TV shows such as Saving Private Ryan, The Departed, The Godfather, and Game of Thrones, also praising the independent filmmaker Jia Zhangke. The Chinese state media has also cast him as a fatherly figure or a man of the people, determined to stand up for Chinese interests.
Peng married Xi Jinping in 1987. Xi and Peng were introduced by friends as many Chinese couples were in the 1980s. Xi was reputedly academic during their courtship, inquiring about singing techniques. The couple married on 1 September 1987 in Xiamen, Fujian. Four days later, Peng Liyuan returned to Beijing to appear in the National Art Festival, and then immediately departed for the United States and Canada to perform. Since that time, Xi and Peng have led largely separate lives, with Peng spending most of her time in Beijing, and her husband spending his time in Fujian and later in Zhejiang. They have a daughter together, named Xi Mingze born in 1992.
XI JINPING AWARDS
Chutzpah awards 2022
Honorary doctorate Awards
XI JINPING NETWORTH
The estimated net worth of Xi Jinping is $1.2 billion dollars. He is the highest-ranking official in China.